Mitigation scenarios and strategies for the AFOLU sector under the LTCS framework

This exchange session, organised by FIIAPP, is part of the "Regional Collaboration on Transparency and Fulfilment of Nationally Determined Contributions and Capacity Building for the Long-Term Climate Strategies" proposal supported by EUROCLIMA+.

On Thursday, 14 October, the ninth exchange session took place in the framework of the EUROCLIMA+ initiative Regional Collaboration on Transparency and Fulfilment of Nationally Determined Contributions and Capacity Building for Long-Term Climate Strategies, an essential element to continue building information and capacity for long-term climate planning. These sessions are organised to foster knowledge sharing, dialogue and networking related to the opportunities and challenges that countries face in the consolidation of their 2050 goals.

The seventh session, held on 22 July 2021, addressed the topic of modelling tools in the main emission-generating sectors: energy and agriculture, forestry and other land use (AFOLU). With regard to the AFOLU sector, the models used in the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), reference emission levels and voluntary mitigation projects were discussed. At the same time, the process of developing mitigation scenarios and setting targets was discussed.

Following this session, it was planned to hold 2 sessions that would allow for an in-depth study of each of these sectors, so that session 8, held on 9 September 2021, focused on the energy sector and this session will focus on the AFOLU sector.

GHG emissions from all AFOLU sector activities are very significant in Latin America. Mitigation consists of measures taken to reduce GHG emissions and enhance carbon sinks, although these measures must be associated with climate change adaptation measures and promote social and environmental co-benefits. Mitigation options for this sector include sustainable intensification of land use practices, ecosystem restoration and increased carbon sequestration, in ways that generate synergies with productive efficiency, competitiveness, conservation and food security. In this regard, the development of long-term climate strategies is an opportunity to explore the policies, measures and technology options needed in the short and medium term to achieve long-term ambition.

The session was able to delve deeper into the challenge of planning for decarbonisation in the AFOLU sector, through the experiences of Costa Rica and Uruguay, countries with contrasting realities and an important economic component associated with the agricultural and forestry sectors.

Roberto Rodríguez Sánchez (National Greenhouse Gas Inventory - FOLU Sector in the Climate Change Directorate - MINAE) presented the process that Costa Rica is following in planning the decarbonisation of the country, the methodological tools aimed at the AFOLU sector, and what main strategies are being followed specifically for the AFOLU sector in its integration with the Long-Term Climate Strategy.

On behalf of Uruguay, presenting the Uruguayan development, Nicolás Costa, responsible for the Greenhouse Gas Inventory AFOLU of the Ministry of Environment, and Juan Diego Baraldo, Consultant supporting the team of the Directorate of Climate Change of the Ministry of Environment (Uruguay) spoke.


EUROCLIMA+ is a programme funded by the European Union to promote environmentally sustainable and climate-resilient development in 18 Latin American countries, particularly for the benefit of the most vulnerable populations. The Programme is implemented under the synergistic work of seven agencies: the Spanish Agency for International Development Cooperation (AECID), the French Development Agency (AFD), the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), the German Society for International Cooperation (GIZ), Expertise France (EF), the International and Ibero-America Foundation for Administration and Public Policy (FIIAPP), and UN Environment.


Daniel Fernández · FIIAPP This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Euroclima is the European Union's flagship programme on environmental sustainability and climate change with Latin America. It aims to reduce the impact of climate change and its effects in Latin America by promoting climate change mitigation and adaptation through resilience and investment. 
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