Scaling up nature-based solutions, mainly those oriented towards Eco-RRD, to improve resilience in Colombia's coastal marine socio-ecosystems.

Colombia is a highly vulnerable country to the effects of climate variability and climate change, due to its geographical location, ecosystem diversity and socio-economic conditions. Between 1970 and 2011, more than 28,000 disastrous events have been recorded, of which about 60% have been reported from the 1990s onwards. In response to this complex situation, Colombia aims to promote alternatives for climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction through ecosystem management. Particularly for risk management, a number of initiatives were identified in 2020 that respond to the reduction of different hazards through nature-based solutions commonly referred to as Eco-DRR measures.

This initiative aims to scale up the implementation of Eco-DRR measures by presenting them as a viable alternative in a highly diverse country like Colombia. To this end, it seeks to prioritise strategic marine-coastal ecosystems for disaster risk reduction, establish the conceptual framework for Eco-DRR measures in Colombia and draft a practical and user-friendly guide for the implementation of these measures. The design of indicators to monitor and evaluate the effectiveness of the measures to be implemented will be essential to verifying their effectiveness in the long term, ensuring links with the National Climate Change Information System, as a determinant mechanism in decision-making. To complete, a pilot initiative will be carried out based on all the knowledge acquired during this action.

This action will support the achievement of two of Colombia's NDC targets, the 20 "By 2030 the country will have an Integrated Information System on Vulnerability, Risk and Adaptation to Climate Change (SIIVRA)", the 28 "Adoption and implementation of 100% of the Integrated Zoning and Management Plans for Coastal Environmental Units (POMIUAC) with ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) actions on mangroves and seagrasses, and other coastal ecosystems" and the 29 "Six initiatives for climate change adaptation and risk management for the sustainable use of mangroves (blue carbon ecosystems) under implementation, with a timeframe to 2030". The initiative is also aligned with the priorities of the National Disaster Risk Management Plan, the National Climate Change Adaptation Plan and the Integrated Climate Change Management Plans of the Environment sector.

Objetive

Increase the resilience of marine-coastal populations to the adverse effects of climate change through the implementation of ecosystem-based disaster risk reduction (Eco DRR) policies and projects.

Expected Results

1

Diagnostic and pilot experience

Diagnosis of coastal marine regions of Colombia with prioritisation of ecosystems and implementation of a pilot initiative. Potential ecosystems that can contribute to RRD will be defined, so that the most strategic ones can be chosen to reduce vulnerability to threats derived from climate variability and climate change. These ecosystems will be further analysed by identifying affected resources and ecosystem services as well as key actors. A pilot experience with the implementation of Eco-DRR measures will be initiated.
3

Training

Capacities of key actors (national, departmental and local levels) on ecosystem-based risk reduction measures improved/strengthened. Through this output, the institutional and political strata involved in the governance of Eco-DRR measures are expected to be strengthened.
2

Theoretical framework

Definition of a theoretical framework for the implementation of ecosystem-based solutions (especially those linked to Eco-DRR) in Colombia and a practical guide. The conceptual framework will seek to analyse the political and governance context of Eco-DRR measures and specify a taxonomy that links them to the rest of the NbS used in Colombia. On the other hand, indicators and mechanisms will be identified to measure the impact and effectiveness of these measures through the SIIVRA. In addition, we will work on a practical guide that will explain in a very accessible way the steps necessary for the implementation of Eco-DRR measures.
4

Systematisation

Reports and videos systematise the methodology applied and the lessons learned in the course of this action.

Participants

Implementation

Countries

EUROCLIMA letra blanca peqEUROCLIMA+ is the European Union's flagship programme on environmental sustainability and climate change with Latin America. It aims to reduce the impact of climate change and its effects in Latin America by promoting climate change mitigation and adaptation through resilience and investment. 
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