Development of regulations on energy efficiency in light-duty vehicles and vehicle labelling

The issuance of energy efficiency regulations for light-duty vehicles responds mainly to the commitments made by Colombia in its NDC to reduce its CO2 emissions by 51% by 2030. The transport sector represents 40% of the participation in the distribution of energy consumption in 2018 and is the sector with the greatest inefficiencies in terms of final consumption, as only 24% of the energy used is converted into useful energy. Therefore, the aim is to increase the average efficiency of new vehicles, i.e. for every kilometre travelled, vehicles use less fuel, and in turn reduce local air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions.

Likewise, given the need to increase the penetration of energy-efficient vehicles, translated as a goal of introducing 600,000 electric vehicles by 2030 in the NDC of Colombia, this regulation aims to promote the sale of electric vehicles, as this is the most efficient technology available on the market. As an additional instrument, a vehicle label will be developed to inform consumers about the energy consumption of the vehicle they wish to purchase and thus encourage the purchase of more efficient vehicles.

At the national level, this initiative was initially identified as one of the most efficient ways to reduce emissions from the transport sector in the Action Plan of the Programme for the Rational and Efficient Use of Energy (PAI-PROURE), a mechanism adopted by the Ministry of Mines and Energy. It also has a Comprehensive Sectoral Climate Change Management Plan (PIGCCme) in which " Zero and Low Emission Mobility" was identified, which seeks to establish policy guidelines for, among others, the development of infrastructure, marketing and operation of electric mobility, as well as the establishment of energy efficiency (performance) standards and labelling for vehicles. On the part of the Transport sector, it is framed in the National Strategy for Electric Mobility, Law 1964 of 2019 and Law 1972 of the same year, which promote not only electric mobility but also a substantial improvement in the fleet of combustion vehicles and in the Electric Mobility Measure (MoVE).

General Objective

The energy efficiency of light-duty vehicles is improved by the application of regulations on energy efficiency standards and a labelling system, framed within Colombia's sustainable mobility processes.

Expected Results



Baseline and reference scenarios have been established to determine the cost-benefit of implementing energy efficiency regulations for light-duty vehicles. The aim is to identify the potential environmental, energy and economic benefits for the country of applying energy efficiency regulations for light-duty vehicles. In addition, the baseline and reference scenarios are a preliminary stage to the evaluation of strategies and alternatives that will be carried out during the consolidation of the regulatory framework. In addition, exchanges of experiences between countries are foreseen in order to analyse implementation strategies and barriers identified during the implementation of energy efficiency regulations for light-duty vehicles.

Vehicular labelling

The basis for the implementation of an energy efficiency labelling system for light-duty vehicles has been developed. This system is an opportunity to reduce energy consumption in the transport sector, contribute to the improvement of air quality, the reduction of GHG emissions and the modernisation of the country's vehicle fleet, as it will provide inputs for end consumers to make decisions based on information on the energy consumption of vehicles.

Energy Efficiency Regulations

The regulatory framework for the issuance of energy efficiency regulations for new light-duty vehicles has been consolidated. This process will include the completion of: 1) a Regulatory Impact Analysis, a requirement in all public policy development in Colombia that requires solving a technical, market, legal, environmental or other problem. 2) a justification report, a document that technically, economically and legally supports the proposal. 3) administrative act that establishes the conditions that allow the implementation of energy efficiency regulations for light-duty vehicles. 4) definition of a monitoring strategy and governance structure to follow up and evaluate compliance with the regulations. On the other hand, a market and elasticity analysis will be carried out to identify the possible impacts of this regulation on the vehicle market, as well as on complementary markets.




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